Born out of this context, the Movida viguesa was primarily a musical and aesthetic movement: a counterculture centered around nightlife and bars in the historic city center. It challenged the traditional values of the period amidst the general atmosphere of economic crisis as well as political skepticism resulting from an overall sense of disenchantment during the political transition from Franco 's fascist dictatorship to a democracy. The movida viguesa was born out of local pubs and bars like Angara and Satchmo. Heavily influenced by postmodernism , each had with their own distinct style punk , pop , techno , reggae , ska , funk with chaotic, comical and irreverent lyrics that reflect the concentrated plurality of voices and opinions. They enjoyed incredible success, but only Siniestro Total is still active today, achieving international success. Video art was a particularly significant medium of the time. This song would later become an anthem of the Movida viguesa, achieving national recognition throughout Spain. A planned reunion in Madrid spring, failed to take place.
Pedro Almodóvar’s youthful countenance gazes out from several photographs in the exhibition
The wall of one magnificent salon is draped in black polyurethane, onto which lurid photocopies of rock bands have been taped. In the room next door, there are pictures of someone taking heroin. Given the goings-on depicted, passing archbishops might be advised to look the other way. There is only one word for these photographs: loud. Literally so, in fact: one of the back rooms of the show is filled with a large video screen pumping out grainy s Spanish pop. A countercultural youth movement that swept through Madrid in the years following the death of the dictator General Franco in , it was somewhere between party scene, artistic school and heedless free-for-all. In a few hectic years, Spain was restored to democracy, state censorship was relaxed and an influx of US and European punk rock made many young people want to party. Andy Warhol came to hang out.
G eneral Franco had been dead for a while before those he repressed in Spain felt brave enough to celebrate in public. The country was still being effectively run by soldiers and priests when a ragged lineup of young punks staged a free concert at Madrid Polytechnic on 9 February His bandmates, soon to re-form as Los Secretos, invited friends and peers to play, including Nacha Pop, Mermelada, and Alaska y las Pegamoides — the latter fronted by a year-old girl. None of them looked like good Catholics. Their songs sounded insolent, anti-romantic, aggressively secular. Servando Carballar says he was and still is an anarchist. Sitting in a Madrid branch of Generation X, his Spanish chain of comic book and board game stores, Carballar remembers the concert as having an impact because it was broadcast on TV and radio — a signal that times had changed, in the capital at least. They were so hard to get here it was almost easier to go to London and bring them back. They were promptly arrested when they stepped outside for their first photo shoot, wearing aeronautic goggles and homemade hazmat suits.
The movement coincided with economic growth in Spain and the emergence of a new Spanish identity. This hedonistic cultural wave was born in Madrid, then appeared in other Spanish cities, such as Barcelona , Bilbao and Vigo. It was characterized by freedom of expression, transgression of the taboos imposed in Francoist Spain , use of recreational drugs , the "coming out" of the Madrilenian cheli and the "pasota" dialect and a new spirit of freedom on the streets. In moods, looks and attitude, the sound resembled the British punk and new wave scenes and the Neue Deutsche Welle , sometimes in the case of Mecano mimicking styles such as new romantic. However, members of those bands actually were friends or interacted with people who took part in the "Movida" e. The magazine Madriz acted as a post-modern mixer for the new tendencies between and The Barcelona-based magazine El Vibora , founded in , was also influenced by the zeitgeist of the era, and published, apart from translations of foreign material, artists such as Nazario , Max and Miguel Gallardo.