NCBI Bookshelf. John Nguyen ; Hieu Duong. Authors John Nguyen 1 ; Hieu Duong. The female external genitalia is fascinating due to the fact it is made up of both urinary tract and reproductive structures.
Physicians & Services
Vaginal bumps and lumps are common, especially during your childbearing years or as you age. Keep reading to learn more about the causes for changes to your skin in this area and when you should see a doctor. The vagina is a muscular tube that leads to your cervix , which is the opening to your uterus. The top layer of tissue in your vagina is mucous membrane, similar to tissue in your mouth or nose. The bumps and ridges on the surface of your vagina are called rugae, which are like folds or pleats of extra tissue when your vagina is relaxed. During sex or childbirth , rugae enable your vagina to expand. Bumps and lumps on your vagina and vulva can be normal, or they could be a sign of a condition that requires medical attention. Following are 10 possible causes for changes to the skin of your vulva and vagina. A cyst can form if these glands become clogged.
Clue is on a mission to help you understand your body, periods, ovulation, and so much more. Start tracking today. In a non-aroused state, the walls of the vagina are collapsed against each other. The vagina changes: during sex, throughout the menstrual cycle, and with age and different life stages. People often use the term vagina to refer to the entire female genital region between the legs—but this is incorrect. The vulva is the correct name for the external parts of the female genitalia.
The external female genital area is called the vulva. The outer folds of skin are called the labia majora, and the inner folds are called the labia minora. Within the labia minora is the vestibule. The vagina and urethra open into the vestibule. On either side of the opening of the urethra are the openings to tiny glands called Skene glands. Two additional glands, called Bartholin glands , are located on either side of the vaginal opening. The clitoris is located at the top of the labia minora.