In the game of capoeira , toques are the rhythms played on the berimbau. Many toques are associated with a specific game i. Capoeira toques have their roots in African rhythmic music , which was modified and further developed among the slaves of Brazil. Some of the more important toques are described below, including; traditional toques, and those created or popularised by Mestre Bimba who was responsible for significant developments to modern capoeira. Considered the oldest and most traditional toque. Used for the Angola game, a slow performance where players demonstrate balance and corporal expression. Tempo can range from slow to moderately fast. The basic:. Some common variations played by the viola:. A close, fast game.
02 – Sao Bento Grande de Angola
This rhythm was created after the ban on capoeira, when penalties for practice were severe to the point of torture and even mutilation. The rhythm of cavalleria, is perceived to be a warning tone,and not involved with any game of capoeira. The Brazilian government carved the Cavalry Squadron from the National Guard of Brazil to control capoeira activities. Hence this rhythm found its origins. A capoeirista with a berimbau positioned himself at a vantage point on a hill or in a corner, a short distance from the roda,and when the cavalry approached, his rhythm mimicked the sound of galloping horses and warned the capoeiristas, who either fled or engaged in fierce battles with the police.
In the game of Capoeira, toques are the rhythms played on the berimbau. Many toques are associated with a specific game i. Considered the oldest and most traditional toque, it is the specific toque of Capoeira Angola. It is appropriate for a slow game, near to the ground, dangerous, malicious, expressive, theatrical and spontaneous. It is used to accompany the ladainha, the chula and the songs of Capoeira Angola. In this rhythm, one doesn't clap the hands. It is the fastest toque of Capoeira Angola.
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